In the early mentions of what is probably dengue, it was described as “water poison” relating to flying insects in a Chinese medical encyclopaedia dating back to the Jin Dynasty.
The first dengue epidemic was recorded in the continents of Asia, Africa, and North America almost simultaneously in the 1780s.
The other name for dengue fever, “breakbone fever” was first coined by Benjamin Rush in what is the first confirmed case report of this disease.
Regardless of that, regions prone to dengue were significantly less until 50 years ago. Since then, the vector-borne disease has spread to nearly 128 countries across the Pacific, Asia, Africa, Americas and the Caribbean. Nearly 40% of the global population, i.e. 2.5 Billion individuals live in regions prone to this disease.
How is dengue caused?
Dengue is a vector-borne disease spread by the females of the mosquito types Aedes aegypti and albopictus. It is primarily caused by four types of serotypes or virus known as the dengue virus.
This virus is firstly carried by infected individuals. When a dengue mosquito bites such individuals, they obtain the virus and then carry it to probe or bite other individuals.
Symptoms usually occur after a period of 3 – 14 days, which is called the incubation period. The initial symptoms are usually accompanied by mild fever and body aches.
There are three types of this disease varying in terms of severity and symptoms. These are –
- Mild dengue fever
- Dengue haemorrhagic fever
- Dengue shock syndrome
What are the 7 warning signs of dengue fever?
The signs and symptoms for this fever are listed below –
- One of the early signs of this disease is regular and intense headaches.
- In case of mild dengue, there will be pain in your body muscles and joints.
- In most cases, dengue is accompanied by high fever, which usually goes up to 104° F.
- You will feel severe pain in your eye sockets.
- You might feel nauseated as well.
- Regular vomiting.
- Your glands might be swollen.
In case you notice any two of these aforementioned symptoms in self or a family member, you need to consult a doctor for quick diagnosis. Depending on the severity of your illness, the doctor might either prescribe bed rest or immediate hospitalisation.
Hospitalisation is only prescribed in case of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), both of which can be fatal. In most cases, these two types of dengue are witnessed in toddlers around the age of 10. Expenses against such treatments can cost substantially owing to hospital rent, medicines, and doctor’s fees.
You can cover expenses relevant to dengue treatment with the help of Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions such as Dengue insurance offered by reputed financial institutions like Bajaj Finserv to eliminate any financial burden. Also, with the necessary financial backup, you can easily avail treatment without delay which might entail fatal complications.
The symptoms regarding dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome are listed below –
- Clammy skin.
- Weak pulse.
- Internal bleeding.
- Blackened vomit and stool due to internal bleeding.
- Intense pain in the abdominal region.
- Stomach ache.
- Blood pressure fall.
How to prevent this disease?
There is no institutionalised treatment of dengue. You can prevent dengue fever causes by taking certain measures.
These are –
- Keep your surroundings clean and do not allow water logging near your house or society.
- Wear full-sleeved t-shirts when going out or apply mosquito repellent cream.
- Abstain from keeping vessels nearby that might host stagnant water.
- Quarantine yourself in case you have contracted this fever or are exhibiting signs of it.
Treatment of DHS and DSS takes near about 10 days of hospitalisation. The hospitalisation expenses in that case hikes up and can financially bear you down. You can avail reimbursement of the same with Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions like Hospital Cash Cover offered by reputed financial institutions such as Bajaj Finserv.
Dengue fever has become fairly common in India, with nearly 220 deaths in 2015 and almost 1 Lakh victims. Ergo, safeguarding yourself and your family in all respects is highly essential.